How To Set Up A WordPress VPS With Kloxo

How to buy a VPS:

To learn how to set up a VPS, you should buy the cheapest possible VPS. SemoWeb & Virpus offer budget VPS for just $3.50 to $4 a month. Burst.net is another good option but is slightly costlier. Virpus & Burst.net offer 512MB guaranteed RAM while SemoWeb offers only 256MB RAM. If you are in the USA, choose Virpus or SemoWeb. If you are in the UK or Asia, choose Burstnet.eu. Your VPS will load faster if it is close to your location.

How to set up a VPS:

Immediately after payment, your VPS is instantly set up and you will receive an email with details of your IP address, the url to the control panel, your login id and the password. Login to check that you have been allotted what you have been promised. You can change the “root” password into something easier to remember. Also check what the operating system is. Most hosts prefer to offer Centos 5.4 32 bit as the default OS. Avoid selecting the absolute latest version as there may be compatibility problems. Also, choose 32 bit instead of the 64 bit to save on memory usage.

Pointing your domain to the VPS server (At the domain Registrar):

Its’ best to do this first because it takes time for the domain to propagate and this can happen in the background while you are setting up your VPS.

Log into your domain registrar such as namecheap.com or godaddy.com.

Click on the domain name and select the option “Nameserver Registration”. Against ns1.domain.com and ns2.domain.com, enter the IP address(s) provided by the VPS host (see image)

After that click on “Domain Name Server Setup” and enter “ns1.domain.com” and “ns2.domain.com” as the “custom DNS servers”.

Now wait for the propagation of the domain to take place.

Note that the domain will not point to your VPS server till you program the VPS (shown below).

Download Putty:

To communicate with the server, you need a “Secure Shell” (SSH). “Putty” is a well know SSH implementation and you can download it from here.

Start Putty, login as “root” with the password provided to you and you are ready to communicate with the server. 

Download & Install a Control Panel For the VPS:

You need a Control Panel to do a number of important tasks such as defining the DNS of the VPS, creating multiple sites etc. Virpus & SemoWeb do not offer any control panel (except SolusVM). Burst.net offers one which is very basic (VePortal).

There are two free Control Panels available and both are excellent.

Kloxo & Webmin. Both are "Hosts-in-a-box"

. A third choice is ISPConfig 3.

Install & Configure Kloxo:

There is an excellent copy-paste tutorial available at Kloxo’s official site. For your convenience, that is reproduced below:

Kloxo Installation Guide

Prerequisites

1) A dedicated or virtual server running CentOS or Red Hat EL 5.x. CentOS 6.x is not currently supported.
2) At least 256 MB of RAM (enough to run Yum).
3) At least 2 GB of free disk space for Kloxo and related services.
4) If you partitioned your disks manually, make sure you have a large /tmp. Kloxo uses /tmp to create and store backups temporarily and the process will fail if there is not enough space.
Before we begin…

You have to disable SELinux by editing /etc/sysconfig/selinux and changing the line to selinux=disabled. This will keep SELinux from being enabled on your server next boot.

Then you must run the following command as root to disable SELinux for the current session:

 # su - root

 # setenforce 0

If you are unsure this procedure worked, you can run /usr/sbin/sestatus to check its status. Failure to correctly disable SELinux will render your Kloxo install useless and an OS reload may be required to properly reinstall it.
Also, make sure the ports 7778/tcp and 7777/tcp are open in your server firewall or you won’t be able to connect to Kloxo web panel when the install completes.
Installing Kloxo

Kloxo installation consists of downloading kloxo-installer.sh from download.lxcenter.org and executing it as root. The script will present you with a few questions and sometimes ask for a password (enter your root password).

If you don’t have MySQL server already installed, you must run:

 
# su - root

# yum install -y wget

 # wget http://download.lxcenter.org/download/kloxo/production/kloxo-installer.sh

To install as Master (Default Single Server):

 # sh ./kloxo-installer.sh --type=master 

To install as Slave:

# sh ./kloxo-installer.sh --type=slave 

If you already have MySQL installed and set a root password, you must run:

  # su - root
# yum install -y wget
# wget http://download.lxcenter.org/download/kloxo/production/kloxo-installer.sh

  # sh ./kloxo-installer.sh --type=<master/slave>  --db-rootpassword=PASSWORD 

After installation, enter your_IP_address:7778 in the browser, enter “admin” for the username and password and you are in. You will be required to change the password as soon as you log in.

Configure Domain(s) In Kloxo:

Click on the Domains Tab. You will be asked to add a DNS Template. Add the name and the nameserver details as shown in the image. Then click on the Domains tab again and click "Click Here to Add Domain for admin (Show/Hide)".

You will also see a message saying "The identification name for your mail server is not set. This means that many public mail servers like hotmail will reject mails from your server". Just enter the name of the domain and leave the rest to their default values.

Now Rebbot Your VPS from the host’s control panel. When you access your website url (if propagated already) or the IP address, you will see the default Kloxo index page (see image). This indicates that your site is now alive!

Click on the file manager and you will see that Kloxo has created a folder with the name of your domain. This folder will be the "root" of the particular site.

You can add many more domains in the same way. Just ensure that all domain point to the same IP address at the domain registrar.

Default Domain: You can configure the IP address to show any of your domain. Click on Home (admin), select ‘default domain‘ and choose your domain to be the default.

Check Whether PHP is Working:

To check whether PHP is working on your website and what are its parameters, go to file manager, select the folder of your website, and create a file called "phpinfo.php". Edit that file and enter the following code:


// Show all information, defaults to INFO_ALL
phpinfo();

// Show just the module information.
// phpinfo(8) yields identical results.
phpinfo(INFO_MODULES);

?>

Now when you access your website_url/phpinfo.php, you should see a page giving the PHP information.

Add WordPress With SSH & Kloxo:

Adding WordPress with SSH involves 6 simple steps:

(i) Download WordPress tar file onto your webserver:

wget  http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

(ii) Unzip the WordPress tar file. It will itself unload the files onto a directory called "wordpress":

tar xzf latest.tar.gz

(iii) Go to the wordpress directory:

cd wordpress

(iv) Copy all the files from the wordpress directory to the folder created by Kloxo (see image)

cp -R * /home/admin/vps2.me 

Make sure you have the correct directory information. Kloxo’s file manager will show you the directory path.

If you click the relevant folder, all the relevant wordpress files will be seen.

(v) Create a database with Kloxo

In Kloxo, click on the ‘home’ button and select the "PHPMyadmin" tab. In that create a database called "wordpress" or whatever name you fancy.

(vi) Begin WordPress Installation:

Now when you open your website url you will be greeted by a wordpress page prompting for information on your mysql database, password etc. Just fill in the information and your website will be ready to go.

Occasionally, the installer will be unable to create a configuration file. If that happens, just copy the code that wordpress shows you, create a file called wp-config.php and paste the code in it.

You can add wordpress to your other sites on the same server following the same procedure.  

Change WordPress Permalinks:

For SEO purposes, you must change the permalinks to show the title of the post in the url. This is usually done through Settings > Permalinks.

However, this requires mod_rewrite rules to be inserted in the .htaccess file. So, just create a .htaccess file and add the following code in it.


RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]

Now your permalinks will work.

If for some reason, you cannot create a .htaccess file, then simply enter the following under ‘custom structure’ in the permalinks settings:

/index.php/%year%/%monthnum%/%day%/%postname%/

With this your WordPress Blog on your own VPS running Centos is online.

13 thoughts on “How To Set Up A WordPress VPS With Kloxo

  1. vps notes

    i like this free control panel. but they say it has some security issues. some people got hacked or something.

  2. admin

    This is a problem with the ownership. Go to the folder and check who is the owner and group with the command ls -l. If you are using Ubuntu, change the owner and group to www-data:www-data with the command chown www-data:www-data -R foldername. If you are using centos use apache:apache. If you are using nginx use chown nginx:nginx -R foldername.

  3. Managed Linux VPS

    i have installed kloxo and uploaded wordpress on it, it is running ok, but whenever i install anything in wordpress like plugin etc , it do asks me FTP info, on cPanel it doesnt ask it, and also i have to setup permission manually . on cpanel i dont have to do these things, just upload install and run, but on kloxo have to do much things, can you tell me why ?

  4. Hasith

    I'm running in to file permission problems when I try to install Cache pugins. or some other plugins. How to fix this ? cPanel never has this problem always do it automatically.

  5. SAM

    i am facing trouble with kloxo and wordpress. before it always asked me username/password whenever i wanted to install a theme/plugin . that problem i solved

    now there is other problem : whenever i click on left side bar plugins option in database it shows nothing. no DONE not anything except those left side bar dashboard options.

    i am using bluevm: please help me out

  6. Debjit Biswas

    Yum gave error. try again?"
    What to do now?
    how to add the path for mirror download (fast plug ins is loded)

  7. UpReseller

    This is very nice article, but I think you should add how to run suphp succefully on VPS, because we need to set CHMOD for many folders and it's risky!

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